In recent years, pedagogy has tended to turn from teacher-centered learning to student-centered learning methods for more optimized results. But for many teachers in several countries around the globe is a kind of advanced methodology. For this reason, we present some tips and strategies for teachers to engage in these different learning pathways. 

  1. Case studies. Present some past cases in the same field so students can use these as a template and gain experience.
  2. Problem-based learning. Try to introduce a particular problem for students to wonder about and solve. This situation works better when learners are separated into groups for a specific period and demand an understanding of the problem so they can all together start thinking of alternative ways to solve this and finally come to a common answer which will be the solution to the problem.
  3. Establish clear group goals. This would keep the group members on track and offer the students explicit guidelines to reach their goal of compromising. 
  4. Simulations. Suggest students take over a specific role while solving the ‘problem’ and discussing the potential solutions. For example, one could be the moderator of the discussion, and another might write notes, etc.
  5. Peer editing. Through this approach, students might be able to review each other’s work in written form. In this case, both (the editor & writer) benefit from this method since the first should try to read critically and effectively communicate criticism. On the other hand, the writer should learn to consume and apply feedback to their benefit. 

In any way, please do not feel disappointed if some groups or students might not be effective or if the collaboration among students does not fully work. Collaborative learning, as well as working in collaborative environments takes time; it is tough to be acquired and demands students to leave their selfish way of thinking away.

Sources: Adapted by &